Neuropathy is a basic term denoting disruptions in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are different therefore is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding further development of the nerve damage and other supportive steps to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is because of malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the symptoms and in a lot of cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and consistent symptoms regardless of treatment. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has actually also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and might take numerous months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food item triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy may also be because of toxic result of specific drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and many others. Treatment in this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage reduction. There might be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be avoided by providing pyridoxine in addition to it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding further development of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food item triggering neuropathy.
Whatever the original cause, your nerves reacted with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they reduced their length and volume to protect themselves, and the spaces between the nerves(synapse) were extended. A regular sized nerve signal could no longer leap this gap. Therefore nerve impulses, both those going up to the brain and those coming down from the brain were impaired.
Integrated microprocessors measures get more info numerous physiological functions of your nerves and automatically adjusts itself to your particular therapeutic requirements, starting with the first recovery signal.
When the unit is first switched on, it measures the electrical analog resistance and digital impedance and sets its output criteria for your physical mass. It knows if it is treating a 125 pound woman or a 350 pound male. If you use it straight on your lower back, it knows that.
Specialized stimulator then sends a "test" signal that represents the most typical waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. This signal goes from one foot, up the leg, to the nerve roots in your lower back, down the other leg, to the other foot. It then waits for an echo-like action from this initial signal.
It then evaluates this 'return" signal to determine any aberrations.
Just as a cardiologist can take one appearance at the shape of the signal displayed on an EKG screen, and detect what is incorrect with the heart, we have actually been able to determine that the peripheral nerves have a really particular shape to its waveform. For that reason we can detect the nature of the problem by evaluating that waveform. This function is built into the stimulator and processed by its internal microprocessor.
Irregularities in the shape of the waveform en route up indicates problems with feeling numb; the shape of the top of the waveform indicates the capability of the nerve to provide the signal long enough for the brain to receive all of it; abnormalities in the downward slope of the waveform shows discomfort, and the shape of the refractory period as the afferent neuron repolarize's itself shows the ability of the nerve pathway to get ready for the next signal.
The device must then produce, and send out, a compensating waveform, to 'smooth out' these irregularities, really much like the way sound canceling earphones work.
This process goes on 7.83 times every second, sending out a signal, analyzing the returning signal, producing a compensating signal, and sending this brand-new signal. It is continuously analyzing your reaction, and changing itself, to gently coax your nerve's ability to send out and get proper signals.
These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per second because that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself in between its transmission of nerve signals. Minerals like sodium, potassium, and calcium need to pass back and forth through the cell wall of the nerves. This is why a common TENS merely obstructs the nerve signals.
The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), produce a little electro-magnetic field that is picked up by the nerves in your central nervous system (spine) and a signal is submitted to the brain to let it understand what is occurring in the back area. The brain then launches endorphins, internal discomfort relievers that travel by means of the blood stream to all parts of the body.
Whatever the initial cause, your nerves responded with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they minimized their length and volume to maintain themselves, and the spaces between the nerves(synapse) were stretched. A regular sized nerve signal could no longer jump this space. Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most typical waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per second since that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself between its transmission of nerve signals. The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), create a little electro-magnetic field that is sensed by the nerves in your main nervous system (spine) and a signal is submitted to the brain to let it know what is occurring in the back location.