Neuropathy is a basic term signifying disturbances in the typical functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is because of malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the signs and in most cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and persistent symptoms despite therapy. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually likewise been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the response is variable and may take many months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible however the majority of are permanent. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the more development is more info of critical significance. Other treatment is based on the signs, like discomfort is managed with NSAID and many other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy related to Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. Neuropathy may likewise be because of harmful effect of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and various others. Treatment in this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage decrease. There may be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be prevented by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding further progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy.